Over the decades, a wide array of nickel titanium instruments has been introduced for shaping root canals. Each generation of instruments has had something new to offer and has been intended to improve upon previous generations. Changes in physical properties and design influences the clinical performances of NiTi rotaries.
This modern endodontic lecture will focus on latest state of art rotary files in instrumentation of root canals, 3D cleaning of root canal system and finally the use warm vertical compaction to achieve 3D sealing. The participants would gain ample practice on current endodontic techniques and tools with a view to gradual and smooth transition into their clinical practice.